General Files - These are files that control different aspects of the game. Check the other threads in this subforum for their detailed contents & purposes.
global - Everything from player models, accessory textures, ambient animations, some menu audio, menu art, in-game lighting, and much more.
english (or other language) - Holds all the text seen within the game, as well as some menu elements.
gamedata & gamedataextra - Contains assets used in-game, ranging from the replay indicator and cheerleader models, to referee textures and ability icons.
newscorebug - The scoreboard shown on screen, coupled with the other "overlay" files.
jukeboxmusic - Game's Soundtrack.
cloth (with _param) - Models used for uniform shapes. Sleeved_v/wishbone are the sleeve uniform models.
titlepage - LeBron on the intro screen. Other files are used for that screen as well.
nbaball - The ball. ababall is the ball used after inputting a cheat, euroball for euroleague teams, and blackball/worldball are unused varients from 2K13.
Feel free to ask for other files' information, but the filenames are mostly self-explanatory. See below for team specific files.